## What do parameters like Ah Wh (Watt-Hour) mean for ebikes?

It’s the energy capacity of battery. Wh=Ah x V. For example a 48V, 8.8Ah battery gives you 48V 8.8Ah = 422.4Wh energy which ideally means you can draw 422W power for 1 hour. The equivalent battery in 36V standard will be about 11.7Ah

## What do parameters like Ah (Ampere-Hour) mean for ebikes?

It’s the current capacity of the battery. The maximum current the battery can be discharged at continuously for 1 hour. For example; you can draw 10A continuously from a 10Ah battery for 1 hour or 5A for 2 hours.  This is a parameter that gives you a range. However, the energy density of a battery [...]

## What do parameters like V(Volt) mean for ebikes?

Power equals Voltage by Current: The higher the voltage, lower current is necessary to get the same amount of power (P=VI).  The voltage should be managed by compromising safety and current rating of component. This is a parameter which is set based on electrical characteristics of the motor/controller and wiring.  Voltage has no mechanical effect [...]

## What do parameters like Power W (Watt) mean for ebikes?

The amount in Watts shows the power (P) of motor. The power is important for riding faster both on flat or slope. There is a rated power definition for electric motor, which is the nominal power that the motor is designed to work to deliver efficiency and long life. Usually maximum or peak power is [...]

## How costly is the replacement of Li-Ion batteries?

Here is an estimated cost of brand new battery packs or refurbishing the battery with new LG, SAMSUNG or Panasonic cells and BMS: Voltage & Capacity cells BMS Estimated Price in C\$ 48V 17.5Ah 18650 LG or Panasonic 30A rated 895.00 48V 13Ah 18650 LG or Panasonic 30A rated 695.00 48V 10.4Ah 18650 LG [...]

## How can you repair my existing dead battery ebike?

We will have various solutions for older ebikes battery replacement; either by installation of cased battery packs or refurbishing the existing battery case. You need to send us the existing battery and charger so that we test and refurbish with a similar or better capacity and performance using 18650 Li-Ion Cells from LG or Panasonic. [...]

## How costly is the repair of a broken old electric bike?

Repairs will be charged on an hourly rate of 75C\$. We will let you know the rough estimate in advance. We will also keep open communication throughout the entire process to ensure the services and replacements kept in budget.

## I have an ebike with broken motor or controller; can you help me replace one only?

Basically all generic BLDC motor controllers should match one another; however there is no protocol for wiring and connections. One should figure out the wiring pin by pin if a wiring diagram is not available. There is always a way to put the broken motor or controller back to work; we should work out the [...]

## Are the hub motor kits compatible with disc brakes?

Yes. All hub motor kits have disk brake standard 6 bolt pattern mounting flange.

## Is there a scheduled maintenance on hub motors?

No, Motors are considered maintenance free unless something happens.