Just as with most other provinces, an electric bicycle must not be more powerful than 500 watts and have a maximum speed of 32 km/h. The ebike must have fully operable pedals which means they cannot be primarily battery controlled. No driver’s license, vehicle insurance, or vehicle registration is required. Drivers must be 12 years of age or older and are required to wear a motorcycle helmet which is different than your standard bicycle helmet. A passenger is permitted only if the pedal assisted bike is equipped with a designated seat for a passenger.
On July 1, 2009, new definitions for power bicycles and mopeds will come into effect in Alberta. The definitions are being updated within the Use of Highway and Rules of the Road Regulation to be consistent with federal regulations that define them as a power-assisted bicycle and a limited speed motorcycle. However, the terms “power bicycle” and “moped” will still be used in Alberta.
The changes are being made because Alberta’s definitions are more restrictive than the federal definitions and don’t allow for the types of vehicles which are being sold in the province. Harmonizing the federal and provincial definitions for these vehicles will eliminate uncertainty in consumer transactions and add clarity to operator and vehicle licensing requirements.
- Electric motor with a maximum power of 500 watts
- Top speed of 32 km/h
- No weight restriction
- Includes power-assisted bicycles