Electric bicycles must not have an electric motor that is more powerful than 500 watts and the bike should not travel faster than 32 km/h. They also must have fully operable pedals which means the engine must disengage when the operator stops pedalling. However, they are allowed to have an accelerator controller. Neither a driver’s license, vehicle registration, or insurance is required. The rider must wear a bicycle helmet.


Combine bicycle pedal power with electric motor assistance.
To qualify, must be a Motor Assisted Cycle as defined in the Motor Vehicle Act and meet Motor Assisted Cycle Regulation criteria.


The electric motor of 500 watts or less and bicycle-style pedals for manual propulsion.

Maximum speed

32 km/h on level ground without pedalling. 

Braking Capability

When travelling at a speed of 30 km/hr, the motor assisted cycle must come to a full stop within 9 meters from when the brakes were applied. Brakes must be equipped on all wheels or on each axel.

Motor Requirement

The motors must disengage in 3 situations:

  1. the driver stops pedalling
  2. the throttle is released
  3. the brakes are applied

Vehicle registration, licensing and insurance

None required. (Insurance may be available under a homeowner’s policy.)


No driver’s license is needed.
You must be at least 16 years old.


Must wear a bike helmet.

Rules of the road

Subject to the same rights and duties as the driver of a motor vehicle, such as obeying all traffic lights and control devices.
As well, bicycle safety rules should be followed.
See Section 183 of the Motor Vehicle Act: Rights and duties of operator of cycle.

Manufacturer’s label

As a condition of the initial sale, all commercially manufactured MACs must have a label stating that the vehicle is a “power-assisted bicycle.”


The electric bike wheels must have a diameter of 13.8 inches or more, and must not have more than 3 wheels touching the ground.