General electric bicycle’s regulations in North America state that e-bikes:
- Are limited to 500 W output (in some areas it varies 750W and 1000W)
- Cannot travel faster than 32 km/h (20 mph) on motor power alone on level ground.
- Require an approved helmet.
Generally, they are considered vehicles (like motorcycles and pedal cycles), and are subject to the same rules of the road as regular bicycles as a result. Regulations may or may not require an interlock to prevent the use of power when the rider is not pedaling.
The vehicle must be equipped with a mechanism that either:
- Allows the driver to turn the motor on and off, or
- prevent the motor from turning on or engaging before the MAC attains a speed of 3 km/h
The motor must disengage when the operator:
- stop pedaling, or
- release the accelerator or
- apply a brake.
- The motor cannot be gas-powered.
The motor must be capable of being propelled by muscular power using the pedals, but it is not necessary to always pedal
The vehicle must meet any other conditions in the Motor Assisted Cycle Regulation (B.C. Reg 151/2002).
Electric bike regulations vary in different provinces or states. As an example in BC, to qualify as a Motor Assisted Cycle, certain conditions must be met such as:
- Electric motor must be 500 watts or less
- Be capable of propelling the cycle no faster than 32 km/h on level ground without pedaling.
Search for your local e-bike regulations.Our offered e-bikes and conversion kits can be set and customized based on various regulation constraints and it is the customer’s responsibility to maintain it street legal for the area they are using.