Electric Bike Regulations In Canada

Electrical assist bikes or power-assist bicycles have become increasingly popular in all areas of the world. You consistently see them on the roads, parks, and on mountain trails. However, as more people are purchasing them, the dangers around electric bikes increase as well. To ensure everyone is safe when electric bikes or ebikes are involved, the Canadian government has created some rules and regulation, however, many provinces have slightly different regulations which we will discuss in this post.
In Canada, the technical term for ebikes is “assist bicycles” or “power-assist bicycles” which is legally defined under the Canadian Federal Legislation. These type of ebikes do not include bikes with internal combustion engines like the traditional motorbike or moped. They fall under a different category and are subject to different laws.
Since 2000, Canada’s Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations have defined assist bicycles or power-assisted bicycles as a separate category from combustion engine vehicles which require a license to operate. E-bikes are currently defined as a two- or three-wheeled bicycles which operate with pedals and a battery-powered motor.
A power-assisted bicycle may be imported and exported freely within Canada without the same restrictions, taxes, or levies placed on automobiles, motorcycles and other combustion engine vehicles. Since some of the provinces have slightly different regulations surrounding electric bikes we have divided the information to make it easily accessible.

Click the provinces below to learn more about provincial regulations:

British Columbia

Alberta

Ontario

Manitoba

New Brunswick

Saskatchewan

Nova Scotia

Prince Edward Island

Quebec

Newfoundland and Labrador

Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut

By |2019-03-21T22:24:38+00:00February 28th, 2019|Blog|3 Comments

3 Comments

  1. Marcel Dagenais April 6, 2020 at 4:51 pm - Reply

    I exceed 32 kph on my road bike all the time no helmet required what’s the difference other than he money grab to make up for lost licensing money !

    • EbikeBC April 6, 2020 at 6:45 pm - Reply

      You may exceed 32km/h however the ebike motor will not assist you beyond that. This makes more sense when you climb a hill yet maintaining the top speed of 32km/h through the assist.

  2. Dreeno June 15, 2020 at 2:14 pm - Reply

    Good luck maintaining 32km/h up a hill. The laws are a joke.

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